Metoprolol indications for use

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    Metoprolol indications for use


    Metoprolol Tartrate is a beta-blocker that affects the heart and circulation (blood flow through arteries and veins). Metoprolol Tartrate is used to treat angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure). It is also used to lower your risk of death or needing to be hospitalized for heart failure. Metoprolol Tartrate may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide. You should not use Metoprolol Tartrate Tartrate if you have a serious heart problem (heart block, sick sinus syndrome, slow heart rate), severe circulation problems, severe heart failure, or a history of slow heart beats that caused fainting. You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to Metoprolol Tartrate, or other beta-blockers (atenolol, carvedilol, labetalol, nadolol, nebivolol, propranolol, sotalol, and others), or if you have: Do not give this medicine to a child without medical advice. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Switching from immediate-release to extended-release: Use same total daily dose of metoprolol Switching between oral and IV dosage forms: Equivalent beta-blocking effect is achieved in 2.5:1 (oral-to-IV) ratio Dizziness (10%) Headache (10%) Tiredness (10%) Depression (5%) Diarrhea (5%) Pruritus (5%) Bradycardia (9%) Rash (5%) Dyspnea (1-3%) Cold extremities (1%) Constipation (1%) Dyspepsia (1%) Heart failure (1%) Hypotension (1%) Nausea (1%) Flatulence (1%) Heartburn (1%) Xerostomia (1%) Wheezing (1%) Bronchospasm (1%) Anxiety/nervousness Hallusinations Paresthesia Hepatitis Vomiting Arthralgia Male impotence Reversible alopecia Agranulocytosis Dry eyes Worsening of psoriasis Pyronie’s disease Sweating Photosensitivity Taste disturbance Lopressor and Toprol XL only Ischemic heart disease may be exacerbated after abrupt withdrawal Hypersensitivity to catecholamines has been observed during withdrawal Exacerbation of angina and, in some cases, myocardial infarction (MI) may occur after abrupt discontinuance When long-term beta blocker therapy (particularly with ischemic heart disease) is discontinued, dosage should be gradually reduced over 1-2 weeks with careful monitoring If angina worsens markedly or acute coronary insufficiency develops, beta-blocker administration should be promptly reinitiated, at least temporarily (in addition to other measures appropriate for unstable angina) Patients should be warned against interruption or discontinuance of beta-blocker therapy without physician advice Because coronary artery disease (CAD) is common and may be unrecognized, beta-blocker therapy must be discontinued slowly, even in patients treated only for hypertension Use with caution in cerebrovascular insufficiency, CHF, cardiomegaly, myasthenia gravis, hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis (may mask signs or symptoms), liver disease, renal impairment, peripheral vascular disease, psoriasis (may cause exacerbation of psoriasis) May exacerbate bronchospastic disease; monitor closely Beta blockers can cause myocardial depression and may precipitate heart failure and cardiogenic shock Sudden discontinuance can exacerbate angina and lead to MI and ventricular arrhythmias in patients with CAD Worsening cardiac failure may occur during up-titration of metoprolol succinate; if such symptoms occur, increase diuretics and restore clinical stability before advancing the dose of metoprolol succinate; it may be necessary to lower the dose of metoprolol succinate or temporarily discontinue it Bradycardia, including sinus pause, heart block, and cardiac arrest, has been reported; patients with 1° atrioventricular block, sinus node dysfunction, or conduction disorders may be at increased risk Increased risk of stroke after surgery May potentiate hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes mellitus and may mask signs and symptoms Avoid starting high-dose regimen of extended-release metoprolol in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery; use in patients with cardiovascular risk factors is associated with bradycardia, hypotension, stroke, and death Long-term beta blockers should not be routinely withdrawn before major surgery; however, impaired ability of the heart to respond to reflex adrenergic stimuli may augment risks of general anesthesia and surgical procedures Metoprolol loses beta-receptor selectivity at high doses and in poor metabolizers If drug is administered for tachycardia secondary to pheochromocytoma, it should be given in combination with an alpha blocker (which should be started before metoprolol is started) While taking beta blockers, patients with history of severe anaphylactic reaction to variety of allergens may be more reactive to repeated challenge Extended release tablet should not be withdrawn routinely prior to major surgery Hydrochlorothiazide, can cause an idiosyncratic reaction, resulting in acute transient myopia and acute angle-closure glaucoma, which can lead to permanent vision loss if not treated; discontinue hydrochlorothiazide as rapidly as possible if symptoms occur; prompt medical or surgical treatments may need to be considered if intraocular pressure remains uncontrolled; risk factors for developing acute angle-closure glaucoma may include history of sulfonamide or penicillin allergy Caution in patients with history of psychiatric illness; may cause or exacerbate CNS depression Beta-blockers can precipitate or aggravate symptoms of arterial insufficiency in patients with peripheral vascular disease There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women Limited data on the use of metoprolol in pregnant women Risk to fetus/mother is unknown; because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, use if clearly needed Bioavailability: 40-50% (immediate-release) ; 65-77% (extended-release) relative to immediate release Onset: 20 min (IV), when infused over 10 min; onset may be immediate, depending on clinical setting; 1-2 hr (PO) Duration: 3-6 hr (PO); duration is dose-related; 24 hr (ER); 5-8 hr (IV) Peak plasma time: 1.5-2 hr (immediate-release); 3.3 hr (extended-release) Therapeutic range: 35-212 ng/m L The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

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    Metoprolol answers are found in the Davis's Drug Guide powered by. Indications. Use cautiously within 14 days of MAO inhibitor therapy may result in. Indications for LOPRESSOR Long-term management of angina. Adult Take with meals. Initially 100mg daily in 2 divided doses. May be increased weekly, if needed. Metoprolol tablets of 50 and 100 Mg use, side effects, dosage and Instructions Metoprolol tablets are a representative of the pharmacological group of drugs beta adrenoblockers. They are used to reduce blood pressure and reduce the load on the heart for various pathologies of the cardiovascular system.

    Metoprolol is a beta-blocker that affects the heart and circulation (blood flow through arteries and veins). Metoprolol is used to treat angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure). Metoprolol is also used to lower your risk of death or needing to be hospitalized for heart failure. You should not use metoprolol if you have a serious heart problem (heart block, sick sinus syndrome, slow heart rate), severe circulation problems, severe heart failure, or a history of slow heart beats that caused fainting. You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to metoprolol, or other beta-blockers (atenolol, carvedilol, labetalol, nadolol, nebivolol, propranolol, sotalol, and others), or if you have: Do not give this medicine to a child without medical advice. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known whether metoprolol will harm an unborn baby. Metoprolol tablets are a representative of the pharmacological group of drugs beta 1- adrenoblockers. They are used to reduce blood pressure and reduce the load on the heart for various pathologies of the cardiovascular system. Tablets Metoprolol have a round shape, biconvex surface, depending on the dosage they can have pinkish (50 mg) or light yellow (100 mg) color. The main active substance of the drug is metoprolol tartrate, its content in one tablet is 50 or 100 mg. It also includes auxiliary components: Metoprolol tablets are packaged in a blister of 10 and 14 pieces. Cardboard pack contains 2, 3 and 4 blisters with an appropriate number of tablets, as well as instructions for the use of the drug.[hide][/hide]After taking metoprolol tablets inside, the active substance is quickly and almost completely absorbed into the blood from the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract. It is evenly distributed in the tissues of the body, metabolized in the liver with the formation of inactive decay products, which are excreted in the urine.

    Metoprolol indications for use

    LOPRESSOR metoprolol tartrate - FDA, LOPRESSOR Dosage & Rx Info Uses, Side Effects - MPR

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  3. Metoprolol, marketed under the tradename Lopressor among others, is a medication of the. The use of beta blockers such as metoprolol was approved in the US by the FDA Food and Drug Administration in 1967. The FDA has approved.

    • Metoprolol - Wikipedia.
    • Metoprolol 50, 100 Mg Tablets Uses, Side Effects, Dosage..
    • Metoprolol Succinate -.

    Therapy should be continued during and after hospitalization for all patients with no contraindications for use. In patients unable to receive beta-blockers during. Concomitant use with beta blockers can increase the risk of bradycardia; if clonidine and a beta blocker, such as metoprolol are coadministered, withdraw the beta-blocker several days before the gradual withdrawal of clonidine because beta-blockers may exacerbate the rebound hypertension that can follow the withdrawal of clonidine Beta-blockers, such as pindolol, should be used with caution in patients with hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis because the drug can mask tachycardia, which is a.

     
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